RELI 448 Final Exam

RELI 448 Final Exam


  1. 1. Question : (TCO 1) The word religion literally means:

: to bind.

meditate on.


rise above.



  1. 2. Question : (TCO 1) The position that argues that we cannot know whether there is a god or not is known as:

: monotheism.






  1. 3. Question : (TCO 2) Who was the German theologian who argued in The Idea of the Holy that religions emerge when people experience that aspect of reality which is essentially mysterious?

: William James

Carl Gustav Jung

Rudolf Otto



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Student Gradebook Exam



  1. 4. Question : (TCO 4) Who was the Scottish anthropologist and author of The

Golden Bough who saw the origins of religion in early attempts by

human beings to influence nature and who identified religion as

an intermediate stage between magic and science?

: James Frazer

Rudolf Otto

William James

Wilhelm Schmidt



  1. 5. Question : (TCO 4) What is the name of the Austrian ethnographer and

philologist who argued that all humankind once believed in a

single High God and that to this simple monotheism later beliefs

in lesser gods and spirits were added?

: James Frazer

William James

Wilhelm Schmidt

Carl Gustav Jung



  1. 6. Question : (TCO 8) Vedic religion was:

: patriarchal and polytheistic.

matriarchal and polytheistic.





  1. 7. Question : (TCO 8) The power of a god is often symbolized by:

: lightening bolts.

rings of fire.


many arms.



  1. 8. Question : (TCO 9) Hinduism, as formulated in the Upanishads,

: encourages meditation to understand the essence of reality.

says we must honor our social obligations and roles.

rejected the authority of the Vedas in formulating new

religious insights.

advocates devotion to any of the many gods.

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Student Gradebook Exam



  1. 9. Question : (TCO 10) Both Jainism and Sikhism:

: practice vegetarianism.

advocate ahimsa.

are monotheistic.

view the human being as composite of spirit and matter.



  1. 10. Question : (TCO 8) According to the Buddha, his teachings must be:

: accepted on faith.

experienced by oneself.

memorized and chanted.

spread by missionaries.



  1. 11. Question : (TCO 8) Once a person reaches nirvana:

: suffering continues only for this life.

samsara is attained.

rebirth is finished.

the Pure Land is entered.



  1. 12. Question : (TCO 8 ) The Chinese word for “righteousness,” “benevolence,”

“humanity-at-its-best” is:

: Ren (jen).



Hsiao (xiao).



  1. 13. Question : (TCO 8) Confucius thought the most important relationship was:

: ruler-subject.




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Student Gradebook Exam



  1. 14. Question : (TCO 9) Which is not a Daoist value?

: Simplicity


Sensing movements of nature

Formal education



  1. 15. Question : (TCO 9) In Zhuangzi’s (Chuang Tzu’s) famous dream, he was not

certain that he was not:

: Confucius.

an ox.

a butterfly.

a Daoist.



  1. 16. Question : (TCO 5) All of the following ancient world religions are minor

religions except:

: Shinto.






  1. 17. Question : (TCO 11) Sikhism is charaterized by:

: special clothing and religious militarism.

special clothing but not religious militarism.

religious militarism but not special clothing.

special clothing only.



  1. 18. Question : (TCO 6) A contract between the Hebrews and their God was

called a:

: mitzvah.




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Student Gradebook Exam



  1. 19. Question : (TCO 6) The sacred core of the Hebrew Bible is called the:

: Torah.






  1. 20. Question : (TCO 6) A joyful spring festival that recalls the Hebrews’ exodus

from Egypt and freedom from oppression is:

: Yom Kippur.

Passover (Seder).





  1. 21. Question : (TCO 7) Jesus sometimes summed up his teachings in:

: ten commandments.

one commandment.

two commandments.

five commandments.



  1. 22. Question : (TCO 7) The most Jewish of the Gospels is:

: Matthew.






  1. 23. Question : (TCO 6) Muhammad’s job before he became a prophet was as a:

: merchant.

date grower.

caravan driver.

camel breeder.

Student Gradebook Exam



  1. 24. Question : (TCO 6) The month of fasting, the ninth month of the Muslim calendar, is known as:

: Id al-Adha.






  1. 25. Question : (TCO 12) The youngest alternative path studied in this chapter is:

: Santería.

Falun Gong.







  1. 1. Question : (TCO 4) Compare and contrast Sigmund Freud’s theory about the

origin of religions with William James’s theory. How does each of

these psychologists view religion (positively or negatively)? Now

analyze how the insights of Freud or James might illuminate your

religious tradition or the tradition with which you are the most

familiar. How would Freud or James understand that tradition?

Use specific examples to support your answer (e.g., a specific

belief or ritual).



  1. 2. Question : (TCO 9) Identify and analyze the Four Noble Truths, in particular,

the Noble Eightfold Path. What ideas from Hinduism did Buddhism

essentially keep? Describe them. Include enough details to

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  1. 3. Question : (TCO 3) Explain and evaluate Thomas Aquinas’ Cosmological

Argument for the existence of God: The first and plainest is the

method that proceeds from the point of view of motion. It is

certain and in accord with experience, that things on earth

undergo change. Now, everything that is moved is moved by

something; nothing, indeed, is changed, except it is changed to

something which it is in potentiality. Moreover, anything moves in

accordance with something actually existing; change itself, is

nothing else than to bring forth something from potentiality into

actuality. Now, nothing can be brought from potentiality to actual

existence except through something actually existing: thus heat

in action, as fire, makes fire-wood, which is hot in potentiality, to

be hot actually, and through this process, changes itself. The

same thing cannot at the same time be actually and potentially

the same thing, but only in regard to different things. What is

actually hot cannot be at the same time potentially hot, but it is

possible for it at the same time to be potentially cold.

It is impossible, then, that anything should be both mover and

the thing moved, in regard to the same thing and in the same

way, or that it should move itself. Everything, therefore, is moved

by something else. If, then, that by which it is moved, is also

moved, this must be moved by something still different, and this,

again, by something else. But this process cannot go on to infinity

because there would not be any first mover, nor, because of this

fact, anything else in motion, as the succeeding things would not

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move except because of what is moved by the first mover, just as

a stick is not moved except through what is moved from the

hand. Therefore it is necessary to go back to some first mover,

which is itself moved by nothing–and this all men know as God.

Briefly explain and then evaluate this proof for the existence of




  1. 4. Question : (TCO 11) Identify and analyze three basic patterns in indigeneous

religions. Use examples from traditional Hawaiian religion to

support your answer.



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